The ocean is one of the most beautiful and diverse places on Earth. However, unfortunately, it is being threatened by contaminants and pollutants generated by us on land. We humans are the biggest destroyers of nature today. With each passing day, we are deteriorating our scarce natural resources, ignoring the long-term implications.
Today, oceans are surrounded by a serious threat of pollution. Thousands of tons of waste and trash are dumped into the ocean on a daily basis. Marine life is dying, and as a result the whole oceanic ecosystem is threatened simply by various sources of pollution.
Ocean Pollution generally starts from land itself. The waste from factories, homes, fertilizers and pesticides, radioactive junk and industries is released into the water and it deteriorates its purity. Adding to this damage, oil spills have also given rise to ocean pollution.
Due to this, the oceans have now become a dumpyard, being excessively exploited.
Facts About Ocean Pollution:
- Approximately 1.4 billion pounds of trash per year enters the ocean.
- The most hazardous and sadly, the most common element found in the ocean is Plastic. Sometimes, this plastic is consumed by marine animals which consider this as food material, thereby seriously affecting their health.
- Land itself is the biggest contributor of the ocean pollution. Land-based sources such as oil, dirt, industries, sewage, septic tanks, farms, motor vehicles, etc. contribute in being the largest polluters of the oceans and their beaches.
- Trash and waste dumped into the oceans affects the life of marine animals, that can choke up on these deadly chemicals and other waste materials.
- Oil spills are the fastest source of ocean pollution.
- The dumping of radioactive waste from nuclear reactors, industrial garbage (such as heavy metals and acids), and drained sewage is also a major cause of ocean pollution.
- Even though all the trash is released in the oceans, it eventually washes up on the shores, that leads to beach pollution on a massive level.
- Toxic chemicals are consumed by the fish thinking it is food. One can catch immune diseases and even cancer, if they eat this contaminated seafood.
- Ocean pollution is ultimately leading to loss of marine flora and fauna, and is only contributing to the increase in endangered species.
This is destroying, drastically deteriorating and making irreversible damages to the biodiversity.
If we are to preserve ocean and its natural beauty, measures have to be taken to combat this pollution and keep what we hold most dear.
If you want to join the movement to protect our oceans, head to Versova Beach on 16th September and join the 100 weeks of beach clean up with Adv. Afroz Shah, affiliated with United Nation Environment’s Champion of the Earth for his efforts in the World’s biggest beach cleanup drive.